Glaucoma is an eye disease in which pressure builds up inside the eye. Without proper diagnosis and treatment, it will damage the optic nerved and reduce vision gradually, eventually leading to blindness. It is the second leading cause of blindness worldwide.
The most common treatment for glaucoma is special eye drops that lower the pressure. Other glaucoma treatment options include laser and surgery.
There are several types of glaucoma. The most common type is open-angle glaucoma which has no obvious symptoms at first. Other kinds of glaucoma cause symptoms such as nausea, eye pain, blurred vision, and headaches. In normal-tension glaucoma, intraocular pressure does not build up, and though there are theories, no cause has been established.
Each form of glaucoma has its own causes and symptoms, but all can lead to loss of sight if not properly treated by an experienced eye care professional.
For more information about glaucoma, please take a look at some of these articles:
- Types of Glaucoma
- Glaucoma and Diabetes
- Glaucoma Risk Factors
- Secondary Glaucoma
- Acute Angle Glaucoma
- LASIK and Glaucoma
- What Everyone Should Know About Glaucoma